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Analysis and Reporting Requirements

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is working closely with Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) Program and the Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP) recipients to assess the impact and benefits of the technologies, tools, and techniques being deployed. The recipients from each program are subject to somewhat different reporting requirements. For example, SGIG recipients are expected to report both the build and impact metrics to DOE from which benefits will be estimated. DOE will confer with recipients to convey the underlying factors behind the observed impacts. SGDP recipients will also report build metrics; however, instead of reporting impact metrics, they will provide interim and final Technology Performance Reports that describe the performance of demonstration technologies as well as their grid impacts based upon the application of the analytical framework or comparable methodologies.

Build Metrics

Build metrics measure progress toward the deployment of smart grid assets. Build metrics include, for example, reports from recipients on the number of smart meters installed, the number of substation automated, and the number of time-based rate programs offered. The Tracking Deployment section includes build metrics for individual projects, as well as aggregated build metrics for all projects.

Recipient are required to report their build metric data quarterly. DOE is tracking key build metrics, compiled across all projects, which reflect the build-out of the Smart Grid in key areas:

  • The number of smart meters in operation
  • The number of distribution circuits that have automated equipment
  • The portion of the transmission system that have synchrophasors.

Impact Metrics

Impact metrics measure how, and to what extent, these smart grid assets are affecting grid operations and performance, as well as how they are enabling customer programs and behavior changes. Impact metrics include, for example, reports from recipients on the magnitude of peak demand reductions, the number of truck rolls reduced, and the amount of maintenance cost avoided as a result of the project's smart grid activities.

SGDP recipients are expected to report impact metrics on a semi-annual basis to DOE. The impacts seen in the SGDP projects will be reported in Technology Performance Reports (TPRs), which they prepare and report to DOE on a frequency particular to each project. DOE intends to publish the interim and final TPRs on this website.

Analysis Guidance for SGIG Projects

DOE has developed detailed instructions for the SGIG recipients on the types of smart grid and related data that they project leaders are required to collect and report.

To address questions from recipients about these guidebooks, DOE responded with a series of guidance documents on methodologies for selected topics of interest:

The DOE methodology also includes a computational tool to provide users with software for organizing, analyzing, and accounting the costs and benefits of smart grid projects. Users can download the computational tool to conduct retrospective evaluations and to support business case analyses of smart grid projects.

Learn more about the Smart Grid Computational Tool:

Analysis Guidance for SGDP Projects

DOE has developed separate guidance documents for the Regional Demonstration projects and the Energy Storage projects that provide instructions for the project leaders on the types of smart grid and related data that they are required to collect and report.

These additional materials are also provided to assist project leaders in reporting data and information to DOE:

Stakeholder Engagement

DOE is working with stakeholder organizations from across the electric power industry to refine methodologies and improve the usefulness of the analyses. Specific areas of engagement with stakeholders include:

  • Advancing the analytical framework to support business case analysis,
  • Addressing key analytical requirements to focus the DOE analyses (See Analysis Focus Areas >>),
  • Sharing lessons learned, and
  • Working through data collection and analysis issues for both SGIG and SGDP projects.

Stakeholders organizations contributing to this effort so far include:

  • The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and state commissioners and staffers.
  • The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) and its members and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI).
  • The American Public Power Association (APPA) and its members.
  • The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA), the Cooperative Research Network, and its members.
  • The North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) and its members.
  • The National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates (NASUCA), its members, and other consumer advocate organizations.