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Aquion Energy

Sodium-Ion Battery for Grid-level Applications

Project data has not yet been submitted.


Aquion Energy and its partners will demonstrate a low cost, grid-scale, ambient temperature sodium-ion energy storage device. The energy storage chemistry in this device uses an electrochemical couple that combines a high capacity carbon anode with a sodium intercalation cathode capable of thousands of deep discharge cycles over extended periods of time. The proposed aqueous sodium-ion technology includes the use of thicker electrodes, less expensive separator and current collector materials, and the use of benign materials for electrodes and electrolyte salts. This project will progress the work from bench-scale to pilot-scale enabling multiple ampere-hour cells to be manufactured and assembled into test batteries. Aquion plans to site units between 10 kWh and 100 kWh capacity that have the ability to perform medium to long duration (more than 2 hours) charge and discharge functions with greater than 95 percent DC-DC efficiency. The units will be safe and environmentally benign. Testing will characterize the energy storage capacity of the units, the response to various signals, compliance with utility interconnection standards, battery and power conversion system efficiency, and effectiveness under various cycles typical of the applications being validated. Utility application-level testing will test the functionality of the unit with respect to its ability to respond to external control signals and properly interact with electric grid in carrying out relevant sequences. The pilot line will be commissioned for production at the end of the project.

Contact Information

Kimberly Nuhfer
Project Manager
National Energy Technology Laboratory
3610 Collins Ferry Road
Morgantown, WV 26507-0880

Theodore Wiley
Principal Investigator
Aquion Energy Inc
32 39th Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15201-3205

Recipient: Aquion Energy (Sodium-Ion Battery for Grid-level Applications)
HQ State: Pennsylvania
NERC Region:
Total Budget: $10,359,827
Federal Share: $5,179,000
Funding Program:
Project Type:
Targeted Benefits:
  • Jobs created
  • Electricity costs decreased
  • Greenhouse gas emissions reduced
  • Power reliability increased