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Title XIII of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 sets forth the policy of the U.S: “to support the modernization of the nation’s electricity transmission and distribution system to maintain a reliable and secure electricity infrastructure.” The Act further stipulates initiatives for government programs to undertake in smart grid investments, including coordinated research, development, demonstration, and information outreach efforts.

Section 1303 of the Act specified that the DOE is to establish a task force with the mission of insuring awareness, coordination and integration of the diverse activities of the Office and elsewhere in the Federal Government related to smart-grid technologies. The activities of the task force include:

  • Conducting research and supporting the development of the Smart Grid
  • Developing standards and protocols to facilitate the adoption of new technologies
  • Relating smart-grid technologies and practices to electric utility regulation, infrastructure development, system reliability and security,
  • Relating smart-grid technologies and practices to other facets of electricity supply, demand, transmission, distribution, and policy,
  • Collaborating with the Smart Grid Advisory Committee and other federal agencies, and
  • Conduction demonstration projects to support advancement and education

Section 1304 includes further specification for research, development and demonstration of smart grid technologies “specifically focused on advanced technologies for use in power grid sensing, communications, analysis, and power flow control”, and allocates $100 million for the Smart Grid Regional Demonstration initiative for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012.

Section 1305 directs the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to coordinate with IEEE, Gridwise Architecture Council, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), and the Association of Electrical and Medical Imaging Equipment Manufactures (NEMA) to develop an interoperability framework.

In 2009, the American Recovery and Investment Act of 2009 (ARRA or Recovery Act) provided $4.5 billion of funding for Smart Grid development, deployment, and worker training. Learn more about the Recovery Act Smart Grid programs.