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81-1983, currents, earth resistivity, IEEE, impedance, magnitudes, measuring ground resistance, potential gradients, scale model tests, Smart Grid, standard, technique

This document contains the detailed information of the standard IEEE 81-1983. The technique of measuring ground resistance and impedance, earth resistivity, potential gradients from currents in the earth, and the prediction of the magnitudes of ground resistance and potential gradients from scale model tests are described and discussed.